WIOA Title I-A & I-B Policy & Procedure Manual Ch. 8) Adult and Dislocated Worker Programs
8.5 Training Services
8.5.1 Eligibility for Training Services
Effective date: December 13, 2020
Training Eligibility Criteria
To receive training services supported by WIOA funds, an individual must first meet eligibility criteria for the Adult Program and/or the Dislocated Worker Program, and then meet the following criteria for training eligibility:1
Is unlikely or unable to obtain or retain employment that leads to economic self-sufficiency or wages comparable to or higher than wages from previous employment through career services alone;2
Is in need of training services to obtain or retain employment that leads to economic self-sufficiency or wages comparable to or higher than wages from previous employment;3
Has the skills or qualifications to successfully participate in the selected program of training services;4
Is unable to obtain grant assistance from other sources (e.g., state-funded training funds, Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA), and/or federal Pell Grants) to cover the full costs of such training;5
Will be entering a program of training services that is:
directly linked to employment opportunities in an in-demand industry and occupation as identified in either the local or regional plan for the local area or planning region serving the individual, or the local or regional plan for another local area or planning region to which the individual is willing to commute or relocate;6
directly linked to a specific employment opportunity or opportunities in either the local area or planning region where the individual resides, or another local area or planning region to which the individual is willing to commute or relocate.7
Note: If a participant's training will be funded through the Adult Program, they must be served in accordance with priority of service policies.8
If a participant is not eligible for training, DWD-DET requires the career planner to document, in an ASSET case note, which criteria were not met and the reason(s) the participant failed to meet the criteria.
If a participant is approved for training services, their career planner must document the participant's need for training services in an ASSET case note.9 The career planner must determine the need for training services prior to service provision.10
DWD-DET requires that once a participant is determined to be eligible to receive training services and has selected an appropriate training program, the participant must be allowed to begin the training program at the next available opportunity, unless the local WDB has a waitlist in place.11
Determining Eligibility for Training Services
The career planner must provide the Individual Employment Plan (IEP) Development or IEP Review service to a participant to determine if they are eligible to receive training services. WIOA regulations state that participants must receive the following services to determine if they are eligible to receive training services: 1) an interview, evaluation, or assessment; and 2) career planning informed by local labor market information and training provider performance information or through any other method by which the career planner can obtain enough information to make an eligibility determination for training services. DWD-DET considers the process of collecting needed information and developing an IEP with the participant to meet this requirement.12
620 CFR § 680.210(b); 81 FR 56119 states, "[t]raining programs for WIOA title I adult and dislocated worker programs are to be linked to in-demand industries and occupations in the local plan;" TEGL 19-16, p. 6, states, "[t]he selection of training services should be conducted in a manner that . . . is linked to in-demand occupations . . . ."
7 While 81 FR 56119 states that training programs are to be linked to in-demand industries and occupations in the local plan, 20 CFR § 680.210(b) only states that training programs must be directly linked to employment opportunities in either a local area or planning region. As such, DWD-DET interprets 20 CFR § 680.210(b) as permitting training services so long as they are directly linked to specific employment opportunities identified by the career planner and participant.
11 This is consistent with 20 CFR § 680.340(c), which relates to training funded through an Individual Training Account (ITA) and states that, unless a program has exhausted training funds for the program year, the local WDB must allow eligible participants to begin training, and establish an ITA for the individual to pay for training. This is outlined in section 7.1.2.
has substantial current or potential impact (including through jobs leading to economic self-sufficiency and opportunities for advancement) on the state, regional, or local economy, and
contributes to the growth or stability of other supporting businesses, or the growth of other industry sectors;
b) an occupation that currently has or is projected to have a number of positions (including positions leading to economic self-sufficiency and opportunities for advancement) in an industry sector so as to have a significant impact on the state, regional, or local economy.
The Wisconsin Governor's Council on Workforce Investment or local WDB determines if an industry sector or occupation is in-demand, using state and regional business and labor market projections, including the use of labor market information.